How Is CBD Made?

May 20, 2020

How Is CBD Made?

I am sure you have heard of CBD, but you may not know how it is made or what it consists of.  CBD is a natural non-psychoactive compound that is naturally occurring in the cannabis family of plants.  Typically, CBD is extracted from hemp plants which are within the cannabis family because they have high levels of CBD and low levels of THC. 

To utilize CBD the human body needs to usually consume it in the form of an oil.  So, the CBD is processed from the plants and extracted into an oil.  These procedures consist of multiple tedious steps that have to be performed carefully to create a consistent quality CBD oil.

Step 1:

Hemp plants contain different levels of potency and it is important for CBD manufacturers to source reliable hemp plants that contain high levels of cannabidiol.  These high-quality plants will provide a high yield of CBD oil and the best quality for the end user.  

We have partnered with farmers that grow and harvest our hemp plants to ensure a consistent quality and that we can track from the farm field all the way to the bottle.   We track every step for full transparency. 

Step 2:

Now it is time to extract the CBD from the plant.  There are 3 main methods of extraction that we will discuss below and each method has its pros and cons to it. 

One method is CO2 Extraction or the use of carbon dioxide.  The CO2 is used to separate or isolate the CBD fron the other compounds that are not favorable to being in the CBD oil.  The CO2 and the hemp plant are placed into a chamber where the pressure becomes very high and the CO2 actually absorbs the CBD and terpenes from the plant.  This is considered a full-spectrum oil because it includes all the cannabinoids and terpenes. 

Another method of extraction is called Oil Infusion.  The hemp plant is heated to a certain temperature which activates the compounds in the plant.  The plant material is then added to what is called a carrier oil which is usually olive oil and is heated to 100 degress Celsius for a couple of hours.  This process infuses the CBD from the plant into the oil.  This process has been around for quite a while, but it isn’t a very effective method because of the difficulty to get the CBD and oil ratio just right. 

A third method is called Grain Alcohol Extraction.  This involves soaking the plant in a solvent called grain alcohol and when the alcohol evaporates you are left with the CBD oil.  Some believe this is a better method because it breaks up and removes the wax of the plant during this extraction process. Thus yielding a better product. 

Regardless of which extraction method that is used you do have to be extremely precise with it comes to manufacturing CBD to ensure a high-quality product.

Step 3:

To help the body absorb more of the CBD high quality manufacturers will use a form of emulsion that allows more of the cannabinoids to be absorbed. Our technology also keeps the terpenes in which allows it to keep it as its most bio-active state.  Most technology methods used by other manufacturers remove the terpenes which make it a CBD isolate and not broad-spectrum.

Step 4: 

Now we are ready for the final product.  When CBD is extracted it becomes a thick, sticky substance which is not desirable.  So, to consume CBD it gets combined with what is called a carrier oil, cream or water.  The most common methods are using hemp seed, coconut oil, olive oil, or avocado oil.  These oils are clean oils which make it suitable to be used as a carrier oil with CBD and safe for consumption.  

Step 5:

Before distributing the final CBD product it should be tested for potency and purity.  This is to ensure that it contains the amount of CBD that is listed on the label and to make sure that it contains less than 0.3% THC if it is full-spectrum and 0.00% if it is broad-spectrum to meet all federal legal laws. 

Summary

In a nutshell this is how CBD goes from a hemp plant to your favorite CBD product.  Yes, it looks like only 5 steps, but each step is complicated and critical to creating a high-quality CBD product.  Always ensure that whatever CBD brand you use that they implement 3rd party testing to verify that what you are purchasing is of the highest quality and the real deal. 

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